Agra – home of the Taj Mahal
In 1558 Akbar decided to move his capital from Delhi to Agra, 150 miles to the south. Agra had already been a major fort under the native rulers, but Akbar replaced the old brick-built fort with a magnificent new fort built of red sandstone. He made Agra his capital and for the next two centuries, Agra and Delhi vied with each other to be the capital of Mughal India.
Agra is best known as being the site of the Taj Mahal, but there is much more to see than just the Taj. There is the magnificent Red Fort, very similar to the Red Fort in Delhi and in many ways its rival. . And then there is the Itimad-ud-Daulah, another lavish and magnificent tomb of the Moslem conquerors, known as the Baby Taj – see the header above. With its splendid gardens, it is almost a rival to the Taj Mahal itself.